Psychotherapy, or talk therapy, is a way to help people with a broad variety of mental illnesses and emotional difficulties. Psychotherapy can help eliminate or control troubling symptoms so a person can function better and can increase well-being and healing.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that helps people identify and change thinking and behavior patterns that are harmful or ineffective, replacing them with more accurate thoughts and functional behaviors. It can help a person focus on current problems and how to solve them. It often involves practicing new skills in the "real world."
CBT can be helpful in treating a variety of disorders, including depression, anxiety, trauma related disorders, and eating disorders. For example, CBT can help a person with depression recognize and change negative thought patterns or behaviors that are contributing to the depression.
ART / EMDR
ART takes a directive approach. ART allows the client to achieve emotional relief and cognitive resolution, often in a very creative way, through the client's own discovery of unique solutions to their problems. ART helps desensitize clients to their distressing memories and feelings, but also goes beyond desensitizations, offering clients an opportunity to experience positive emotions and cognitions in association with the previously upsetting or traumatizing memory.
ART will erase images or sensations connected with unpleasant past events and will change the way negative images are stored. Clients remember the details of the story, but often can no longer access the original images or no longer respond to them in a negative way. ART also targets future trigger memories to eliminate any remaining anxiety from those scenes.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an integrative psychotherapy approach that has been extensively researched and proven effective for the treatment of trauma. EMDR is a set of standardized protocols that incorporates elements from many different treatment approaches.
EMDR therapy uses a three pronged protocol: (1) the past events that have laid the groundwork for dysfunction are processed, forging new associative links with adaptive information; (2) the current circumstances that elicit distress are targeted, and internal and external triggers are desensitized; (3) imaginal templates of future events are incorporated, to assist the client in acquiring the skills needed for adaptive functioning.
Stress is often defined as a bodily response to the demands of life....Mental health professionals often help people reduce and manage their stress. They can also help people work through other mental health issues that have developed while coping with high levels of stress over a period of time.
Negative thoughts can create more stress in our lives. Not only can "negative affect," or being in a bad mood, color our experience so that many of the things we experience seem more stressful and even overwhelming, but our bad mood can be contagious, and can even cause others to treat us in a less friendly way, perpetuating negativity in us and virtually everyone we encounter, to a degree. It is easy to get trapped into the habit of thinking negatively, and changing that is a goal in cognitive therapy.
When you lose someone or something dear to you, it's natural to feel pain and grief. The grief process is normal, and most people go through it. But when grief takes over your life and you begin to feel hopeless, helpless, and worthless, then it's time to talk to a professional. I would encourage everyone not to wait until it gets to that point.
People suffering from major depression tend to be isolated and feel disconnected from others, and may shun such support and assistance. People who donâ€™t get such support, or who avoid it, may be at greater risk for slipping into clinical depression during the grieving process.
This refers to a process. It can help people identify stressors. People learn steps to help them stay calm in anger management. They may then handle tense situations in a constructive, positive way. The purpose of anger management is to help a person decrease anger. It reduces the emotional and physical arousal that anger can cause. It is generally impossible to avoid all people and settings that incite anger. But a person may learn to control reactions and respond in a socially appropriate manner.
People who receive anger management therapy learn skills to slow their reaction to anger. This can help them identify the reason for their feelings. The roots of anger may be buried in emotional trauma, addiction, grief, or other issues. But a natural inclination may be to find temporary relief in lashing out. This can obscure the true cause of the anger. If this is the case for you, working with a therapist might be helpful.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a type of anxiety disorder, can happen after a deeply threatening or scary event. Even if you weren't directly involved, the shock of what happened can be so great that you have a hard time living a normal life.
People with PTSD can have insomnia, flashbacks, low self-esteem, and a lot of painful or unpleasant emotions. You might constantly relive the event -- or lose your memory of it altogether.
When you have PTSD, it might feel like you'll never get your life back. But it can be treated. Short- and long-term psychotherapy and medications can work very well. Often, the two kinds of treatment are more effective together.
PTSD therapy has three main goals:
â—‰ Improve your symptoms
â—‰ Teach you skills to deal with it
â—‰ Restore your self-esteem